IDENTITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
An identity management system refers to an information system, or to a set of technologies that can be used for enterprise or cross-network identity management
Additional terms are used synonymous with “identity management system” including;
Access governance system
Identity and access management system
Entitlement management system
User provisioning system
Identity management (IdM) describes the management of individual identities, their authentication, authorization, roles and privileges within or across system and enterprise boundaries with the goal of increasing security and productivity while decreasing cost, downtime, and repetitive tasks.
“Identity management” and “access and identity management” (or AIM) are terms that are used interchangeably under the title of identity management while identity management itself falls under the umbrella of IT security.
Identity management systems, products, applications, and platforms are commercial Identity management solutions implemented for enterprises and organizations.
Technologies, services, and terms related to identity management include active directories, service providers, identity providers, Web services, access control, digital identities, password managers, single sign-on, security tokens, security token services (STS), workflows, OpenID, WS-Security, WS-Trust, SAML 2.0, OAuth, and RBAC.